Der zweite Bergier Bericht enthält zwar eine Fülle Informationsmaterial sowie Keywords: history; World War II; Switzerland; refugees; Bergier Commission. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Peter Stadler and others published Der Bergier-Bericht }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 1, , Peter Stadler and others published Der Bergier-Bericht }.
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They showed little interest in actively seeking accounts of Nazi victims, justifying their inaction with the confidentiality desired by their customers.
bergier bericht : German » English | PONS
This was done in part through continual negotiations with the warring parties, particularly with Nazi Germany. Because of the overwhelming data volume, it has not been possible to carry out a manual editorial check on all of these documents. Made up of Polish, American, Israeli and Swiss historians, the Commission’s mandate was to investigate the volume and fate of assets moved to Switzerland before, during, and immediately after the Second World War.
The report concluded, “By this time Switzerland was already pursuing a dual strategy which consisted on the one hand of seeking rapid agreement with the Allies, and on the other hand playing for time when implementing practical measures.
However, the Commission was unable to berichh much more about the size and importance of such involvement, concluding that “the notion that the trade in looted art — compared with the occupied territories of Western Europe — took place on a particularly large scale could not be confirmed. While it is true that Swiss offered humanitarian assistance to refugees in Switzerland and others in distress abroad, the Swiss government did not use its unique geographical and historical positions to offer protection to those persecuted by the Nazi state, rather they progressively closed their borders and returned refugees to Bergiet authorities, driving many people to certain death.
Volume 42 Issue 1 Decpp. Volume 85 Issue 1 Decbdrgier. Overview Overview of Switzerland’s European policy.
Bergier-Bericht (Motion Koch 16.03.2000)
Please sign in or register for free if you want to use this function. The commission examined the role of the Swiss diplomatic service in protecting Swiss-owned property held in the Reich and concluded that a double standard was applied: The initial reaction to Nazi policy of discriminating against Jews was mixed with some of the companies complying readily and even anticipating laws to come, while others held out and resisted discriminating as long as they could.
What the victims of National Socialism and their heirs thought to be the advantages of the Swiss banking system turned out to be disadvantageous for them. The commission also addressed the issue of the use of slave and forced labor in Swiss-owned firms and concluded: Volume 93 Issue 1 Decpp.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The German government seized policies held by German Jews and cashed them in with the Swiss companies, according to German laws passed by the Nazi government.
Far more important was the role played by Switzerland’s open capital market—sale of gold and securities—and as the Franc was the only convertible currency available to the Axis powers, it played a vital role in paying for certain strategic imports such as tungsten and oil.
Organisation Organisation chart and staff of bergidr DEA. Switzerland, apparently on its own initiative began to openly apply racist selection criteria according to the Nazi definition.
However, the commission points out that looted central bank reserves, mainly from Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg totaled 1, million francs and that the amount of gold stolen from Holocaust victims in Eastern Europe has been estimated Whether the contribution of Swiss exports to German rearmament during the war is considered to have been more or less significant does not affect the principal findings of our investigation.
After the war, the Swiss companies mainly refused to redeem policies held by holocaust victims and their heirs, arguing that the amounts had already been paid out according to German law. However, the commission concluded:.
Volume 75 Issue 1 Decpp. Agreements and implementation Texts of the agreements and application and implementation of the Swiss-EU bilateral agreements. The commission defined its focus: However, after the First World War, Switzerland was not immune to xenophobic and anti-semitic sentiments that were spreading through Europe.
Retrieved from ” https: When as a result of continuing allied pressure, a decree was issued in which broke with past legal practice, it was valid only for a period of two years and it was not publicized internationally, making it likely that there would be few claimants. However, established Swiss companies continued to operate although they adapted in different ways to the Nazis regime.
You can suggest improvements to this PONS entry here: Volume 73 Issue 1 Decpp. In this way, the Swiss insurers helped to cover up events which would have cast the completely illegal and immoral methods of the German state and party organisation in November into sharp relief.
Volume 57 Issue 1 Decpp. The commission concluded, “that Swiss firms played an active role in the ‘Aryanisation’ process.
Volume 31 Issue 1 Decpp. The investigation was to be made from a historical and legal point bergieg view, with a particular emphasis on the links between the Nazi regime and Swiss banks. Since the 19th century, Switzerland had a positive humanitarian image based upon the tradition of granting asylum, providing good offices, humanitarian aid, beergier through the work of the Geneva-based International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC. Apparently, business concerns rather than an ideological commitment to Nazis determined their continued operation.
Volume 58 Issue 1 Decnericht. In order to finance its imports from Switzerland, the German government demanded “clearing loans” which took the form of state guarantees to exporters. The contribution bericbt Swiss companies to the German war effort was important, if not decisive. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. User Account Log in Register Help. Submit a new entry. The sum represented about one-fifth of all gold transactions estimated to have been made during the war.
Compile a new entry. Volume 95 Issue 1 Decpp.
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